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Johnston Lykins papers

Creator: Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876

Date: 1826-1872

Level of Description: Coll./Record Group

Material Type: Manuscripts

Call Number: Ms. Coll. 421 (1826-1842: journal, Shawnee Sun newspaper)
Manuscripts Collection Miscellaneous (1872?: speech to the Old Settlers Association on life of Daniel Boone, Jr.)
MS 1307 (Microfilm)

Unit ID: 41358

Biographical sketch: Johnston Lykins was born in Franklin County, Virginia in 1800, his family later moving to Kentucky. He studied medicine at Transylvania University in Lexington and then worked at Native American missions for many years, interacting with numerous tribes in Indiana and Michigan.

In 1828 Lykins married Delilah McCoy, the daughter of Isaac McCoy, a significant missionary and early settler in Kansas long before it became a territory. Johnston and Delilah moved to the Kansas City, Missouri area in 1834, following the Indian Removal Act, and shortly thereafter Lykins helped found the Pottawatomi and Shawnee Baptist Indian Missions in the present-day Johnson County, Kansas area.

In 1843, Delilah McCoy Lykins died of tuberculosis. In 1851 Johnston remarried, to Martha (Mattie) A. Livingston, who had been born in Kentucky in 1824. In 1853 Lykins became the first legal mayor of Kansas City, Kansas (the first mayor was obliged to resign his office). He died in 1876, and Martha remarried to the painter George Caleb Bingham. She died in 1890.

Abstract: The Johnston Lykins papers includes a journal dated 1826-1842, a copy of the November 1841 issue of Shawnee sun newspaper, and a speech to the Old Settlers Association on the life of Daniel Boone, Jr., dated 1872. The Shawnee sun was the first newspaper printed in Kansas. The journal, with scattered entries, recounts events at the Carey Mission among the Michigan Potawatomi and working with the Shawnee in Kansas, among other details Lykins noted about his life.

Space Required/Quantity: 0.36 cubic feet

Title (Main title): Johnston Lykins papers

Scope and Content


Locator Contents
017-02-01-02  1831-1842: account book 


  • MS 1307:

Related Records or Collections

Related materials: Isaac McCoy Papers, manuscript collection 422
John Calvin and Woodson McCoy Papers, manuscript collection 423

Index Terms


    Shawnee Baptist Mission
    Shawnee Indians
    Kansas -- History -- 19th century
    Lykins, Johnston, 1800?-1876
    American letters -- Kansas -- History -- 19th century
    Baptists -- Missions
    Indian agents -- Kansas
    Indians of North America -- Missions
    Missionaries -- Kansas
    Physicians -- Kansas
    Potawatomi Indians

Creators and Contributors