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Read Kansas! Middle School - M-22 The Exoduster Movement

This lesson involves students reading primary source documents to answer the question "Why did African Americans living in the South want to come to Kansas in the 1870s?" They will use observation and inference skills to find Economic, Social, and Political (ESP) reasons for the Exoduster movement in 16 primary sources. This lesson is designed to take one class period. Select each image to see a PDF with the front and back of each card.

M-22 Evidence Card 1
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M-22 Evidence Card 2
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M-22 Evidence Card 3
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M-22 Evidence Card 4
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M-22 Evidence Card 5
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M-22 Evidence Card 6
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M-22 Evidence Card 7
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M-22 Evidence Card 8
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Lesson plan

Kansas History Standards:

  • Benchmark 3, Indicator 5: The student describes the reasons for the Exoduster movement from the South to Kansas (i.e., relatively free land, symbol of Kansas as a free state, the rise of Jim Crow laws in the South, promotions of Benjamin "Pap" Singleton).

Reading Standards:

  • Benchmark 4, Indicator 5:  The student uses evidence from the text to make inferences and draw conclusions.

Kansas College and Career Ready Standards:

  • RH.6-8.1:  The student cites specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.
  • RH.6-8.7: The student integrates visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.
  • WHST.6-8.7:  The student will conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self-generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.
  • SL.7.1(a-d): The student engages effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 7 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.
  • SL.7.4: The student presents claims and findings, emphasizing salient points in a focused, coherent manner with pertinent descriptions, facts, details, and examples; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.